Analysis of Strategy Development Family Empowerment Post (Posdaya) Program in Bogor and Bogor Regency
Family Empowerment Post (Posdaya) has a function as a forum of community activities undertaken by stakeholders in a participatory manner. Core family empowerment is to develop human resources (HR), mainly from poor families into affluent families (independent) creative. According to Ki Hajar Dewantara, a free man, the man whose inner life is born or do not depend on other people, leaning on his own strength. Humans have free high confidence and is able to produce profitable products, so as to usher in a happy and prosperous life (Kartasasmita, 1996).
Posdaya has a typical bottom-up program, self-reliance, and resource utilization as well as the local potential. Posdaya also a forum of friendship, communication, advocacy, and container building activities family functions in an integrated manner that focuses on the four areas in between the fields of education, health, entrepreneurship, and the environment (Suyono, 2009). According Warcito (2011), Posdaya can also be a family of container capacity in an integrated manner by moving the social capital and human capital on an ongoing basis in a variety of fields, especially education, health, economy and environment so that these families can grow independently in the village.
Posdaya existence in the city of Bogor and Bogor Regency indifference used as a community movement to improve productive and self-sufficient society. Government programs, and private colleges addressed to Posdaya activities through four (4) pillars, namely education, health, economy and environment. These pillars can continue to grow and be able to fill their respective activities in the framework of the development of human resources (HR), especially for the people who belong to the category of less able or poor families. Poor families as a target group Posdaya given attention and support to change the way of thinking and way of life encourages the development of a prosperous family. Empowerment is a process of acculturation poor families to change the way of thinking in living his life, given the spirit and to work hard, to be able to live a life that is more powerful or independent.
According Muljono (2010), the obstacles encountered in the implementation of Posdaya divided into two physical constraints and non-physical constraints. Physical constraints tend to be smaller than the revealed non-physical problems. Physical constraints include (1) secretarial Posdaya not have that special place, (2) where productive activities (eg hall or workshop), and (3) community-based learning space that is not yet available. Nonphysical constraints include (1) the public’s understanding that Posdaya regarded as a government program that would distribute specific materials or specific projects and bringing people into the project objectives as project executive workforce, (2) Expended board Posdaya time low due to routine daily activities (work), (3) Some of the board or bored Posdaya cadres manage activities Posdaya with monotonous activity and saturation members or cadres Posdaya, (4) lack of external support and the quality of human resources and the lack of ideas that emerged from the development activities management and lack of initiative to undertake consultation and communication with outside parties Posdaya to solicit ideas and support Posdaya development. These constraints can be overcome by good mentoring programs conducted by universities, local governments and private. Therefore, it is necessary to study the pattern of assistance for administrators Posdaya and program development strategies Posdaya. Based on the background and the results of previous studies (Lutfiah, 2013 ; Dervish and Rusastra, 2011; Saharuddin, 2009; Sadono, 2008; Pamungkas, 2013 ; Saleh, rokhani and Bahtiar, 2013), it is necessary to such research.
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