Community Development Through Community Empowerment Movement
Community empowerment (community emporwerment) is perujudan of community development nuanced on empowering human resources in order to understand the rights and obligations in accordance with the status and role in society.
The need for empowerment is a departure from reality is still the weak position of the majority of the people in demanding the rights and obligations indicated by their lack of access to some facilities, such as information, technology, venture capital, law, and especially the ability of control. Various drawbacks such access begins with a low level of education held by our society, especially in rural.
The composition of the population who earn a living in agriculture still range in the 60 %. Therefore, empowering the community is strongly associated with empowering farmers. Less helpless farmers pervasive in almost all business activities he is performing. At the beginning of the growing season farmers are faced with a problem the use of seeds, which is due to helplessness in controlling deceived not a few farmers who use fake seeds. In plant maintenance period, the availability of fertilizer or fertilizer prices can not be voiced especially disolusikan by farmers. They tend to accept what is, so until panenpun they can not do much when prices plummeted and production falls below the floor price set by the government. Farmers helpless, powerless people.
Powerlessness Trigger Factors Society
The powerlessness people tend to actualize the various types of businesses that occupied due to the low level of education. For example captured bargaining position in marketing any product produced tends to be low (not only on agricultural products but also on other types of businesses such as handicraft, home industries, etc.).
In addition to education, lack of empowerment can be caused by low motivation, determination that is both top down policy without nuance and potential special emphasis areas, disintergrasi policy, and policy changes are too fast with not preceded by a readiness to apply the policy field in question. For example unprepared availability of fertilizer on the ground when the funds have been released to farmers KUT in the period September 1998-March 1999 so that the farmer loans to the government is not entirely on target. Even if farmers obtain fertilizer, and even then must be purchased at the price doubled. While on the contrary, when the availability of fertilizer is very well off in the period September 1999-March 2000 the government was not prepared to lend money to farmers to buy fertilizer.